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The New Standard  As From 1st October 2009


General Appearance
Active, compact, short-coupled and essentially well balanced, leonine in appearance, proud, dignified bearing, well knit frame, tail carried well over back.

Characteristics
Quiet dog, good guard, bluish-black tongue; it's distinctive, short-striding gait allows it to move freely, never lumbering and with excellent endurance.

Temperament
Independent, loyal, yet aloof.

Head and Skull
Skull flat, broad; stop not pronounced, will filled out under eyes.   Muzzle moderate in length, broad from eyes to end ( not pointed at end like a fox ). Nose, large and wide in all cases, black with the exception of cream or white, in which case a lighter coloured nose permissible, and in blues and fawns a self coloured nose (but black preferable in all cases).

Eyes
Dark, oval shaped, medium sized and clean.   A matching coloured eye permissible in blues and fawns.   Clean eye, free from entropion, never being penalised for sake of mere size.

Ears
Small, thick, slightly rounded at tip, carried stiffly and wide apart but tilting well forward over eyes and slightly towards each other, giving peculiar characteristic scowling expression of the breed.   Scowl never to be achieved by loose wrinkled skin of head.

Mouth
Teeth strong and level, jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to jaws.   A solid black mouth including the roof and flews with a bluish black tongue is ideal.   However, some dilution may be evident in the gums of blues and fawns, and this dilution may be more pronounced in creams and whites.

Neck
Strong, full, not short, set well on shoulders and slightly arched.   Of sufficient length to carry the head proudly above the topline.

Forequarters
Shoulders muscular and sloping.   Elbows equidistant between withers and ground.   Forelegs perfectly straight with good bone.

Body
Chest broad and deep.   Ribs well sprung but not barrelled.   The distance from withers to elbow is equal to the distance from elbow to ground.   Back short, level and strong.   Lions powerful.

Hindquarters
In profile the foot is directly under the hip joint.   Well developed first and second thigh with only slight bend of stifle.  Hocks well let down.   From the hocks downwards to appear straight, never flexing forward.

Feet
Small, round, cat-like, standing well up on toes.

Tail
Set high, carried well over back.

Gait/Movement
Relatively short striding, hind feet not lifted high, appearing to skim the ground, resulting in pendulum like action when seen in profile.   Forelegs and hindlegs moving parallel to each other and straight forward.   dogs should always be able to move freely and soundly without any sign of distress.

Coat
Either rough or smooth.   Any artificial shortening of the coat which alters the natural outline or expression should be penalised, with the exception of feet which may be tidied.   Rough: profuse, dense, straight and stand-off, but not excessive in length.   Outer coat coarse with soft woolly undercoat.   Especially thick round neck forming mane or ruff and with good culottes or breechings on back of thighs.   Smooth: short double coat, dense, straight, upstanding, not flat, plush-like in texture.

Colour
Whole coloured black, red, blue, fawn, cream or white, frequently shaded but not in patches or parti-coloured ( underpart of tail and back of thighs frequently of a lighter colour).

Size
Dogs: 48-56 cms ( 19-22 inches ) at shoulder.  Bitches: 46 -51cms ( 18-20 inches) at shoulder

Faults
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to it's degree and it's effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

Note
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.


Previous Update Of Standard - March 1994

General Appearance
Active, compact, short-coupled and essentially well balanced, leonine in appearance, proud, dignified bearing; well knit frame; tail carried well over back.

Characteristics
Quiet dog, good guard, bluish-black tongue; unique in its stilted gait.

Temperament
Independent, loyal, yet aloof.

Head and Skull
Skull flat, broad; stop not pronounced, well filled out under eyes. Muzzle moderate in length, broad from eyes to end (not pointed at end like a fox). Nose, large and wide in all cases, black (with exception of cream and near white in which case a light-coloured nose permissible, and in blues and fawns a self-coloured nose).

Eyes
Dark, oval shaped, medium sized and clean. A matching coloured eye permissible in blues and fawns. Clean eye, free from entropion, never being penalised for sake of mere size.

Ears
Small, thick, slightly rounded at tip, carried stiffly and wide apart but tilting well forward over eyes and slightly towards each other, giving peculiar characteristic scowling expression of the breed. Scowl never to be achieved by loose wrinkled skin of head.

Mouth
Teeth strong and level, jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Tongue bluish black. Roof of mouth and flews black (blue black), gums preferably black.

Neck
Strong, full, not short, set well on shoulders and slightly arched.

Forequarters
Shoulders muscular and sloping. Forelegs perfectly straight, of moderate length, with good bone.

Body
Chest broad and deep. Ribs well sprung but not barrelled. Back short, level and strong. Loins powerful.

Hindquarters
Hindlegs muscular, hocks well let down, with minimal angulation, essential to produce characteristic stilted gait. From hocks downwards to appear straight, hocks never flexing forward.

Feet
Small, round, cat-like, standing well on toes.

Tail
Set high, carried well over back.

Gait/Movement
Short and stilted. Forelegs and hindlegs moving parallel to each other and straight forward.

Coat
Either rough or smooth.
Rough: profuse, abundant, dense, straight and stand-off. Outer coat rather coarse in texture, with soft woolly undercoat. Especially thick round neck forming mane or ruff and with good culottes or breechings on back of thighs.
Smooth: coat short, abundant, dense, straight, upstanding, not flat, plush-like in texture. Any artificial shortening of the coat which alters the natural outline or expression should be penalised.

Colour
Whole coloured black, red, blue, fawn, cream or white, frequently shaded but not in patches or parti-coloured (underpart of tail and back of thighs frequently of a lighter colour).

Size
Dogs: 48-56 cms (19-22 ins) at shoulder. Bitches: 46-51 cms (18-20 ins) at shoulder.

Faults
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

Note
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

 


Previous update was March 1994