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If you are contemplating breeding a litter from your chow bitch, take time to mull over a few thoughts on the subject.   Ask yourself why you wish to have a litter.   Is it because you want to keep a puppy for yourself?  Is it because you believe the myth that it is good to let a bitch have just one litter?   The truth is there is more to this than you first imagine.  
First of all, can you be sure of selling the puppies?   When you bought your chow you may have had to tour the country in order to get a puppy, at times there is a lull in the availability of chow puppies then all of a sudden several litters are born around the same time and there could be as many as 70 or 80 puppies available at once.   Other questions to ask yourself, can you afford it?.   First there is the stud fee, maybe the owner of the stud dog will want all of the stud fee up front, or some will require £xxx for a handling fee and then so much for each live puppy born.  You must be prepared also, that if things go wrong at the whelping and your bitch has to have a caesarean operation, this can cost hundreds of pounds especially if you have to attend the surgery out of hours, and if after all that there is only one puppy, you can appreciate that the time, effort and cost will exceed the cost of going out and buying a puppy.   Can you afford the time?   After your girl is mated, approximately 63 days later you can expect her to whelp.  All well and good if she is a good mother, apart from you keeping a eye on things,  feeding her, and keeping her and the whelping area clean, the first couple of weeks will be quite easy going, but if she is not a good mother, if she is awkward around the puppies, if she either refuses to feed and clean them, or she doesn't have much milk for them, then you will have to step in and bottle feed them, which in the early days will be every two hours.
The puppies will be with you for a least 8 weeks, can you spare all that time?   As they get older and bigger, the work starts. 
You need to start weaning them, and start potty training them, chows are extremely clean, and once they get used to going outside, they will not wish to be dirty, they will soon be letting you know they want to go out, and they do not mind what hour it is.!!
Well if you have not been put off by the above and still wish to breed a litter, just a few more things to be aware of. Your bitch should be healthy, up to date on injections and worming regime, she should also be mature.   Kennel Club rules state you should not breed a bitch until she is over 12 months of age. 
At 12 months, that really is a too young.   I personally would not breed a bitch until she was around 18 months of age, they have to be mature in both mind and body and some are just not ready for motherhood until they are nearly two. 
Having said that, you would not want to wait until the bitch is 4 years old before she had a first litter, so it is reasonable to try and mate her on her 3rd season which would probably be around 18 months of age.  That is my opinion.   You should ask the advice of the breeder of your puppy, they may suggest a suitable stud dog, or seek help from other experienced chow breeders who should be able to give you advice on the matter. Get prepared, purchase all the whelping essentials.   There are a few dog books available that cover breeding and whelping, one such book is "Book Of The Bitch" an excellent paperback written by J. Evans and Kay White.   If you get the chance try and get to see a litter being born, or ask a breeder if they can spare time to be in attendance when your litter is about to be born. Fingers crossed, all will go well, and you will soon be naming your puppies and sending them off to their new homes.

Below, this is not a chow puppy but a guide to feeding a very young puppy if you need to supplement them or if the mother rejects them.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sm4KdHiRsnM

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